The Challenge

Adaptation, Mitigation, and Biodiversity


Wind turbines in a field.

Mitigation Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to slow or stop global climate change​.

A road sign indicating a flooded road.

Adaptation – Adjusting to the impacts of climate change to reduce negative impacts and increase resilience​.

A butterfly on a blossom tree.

Biodiversity –Enhancing biodiversity through conservation, protection and promotion.

Why does it matter?


  1. Scotland’s climate is already changing. The climate projections for the next century indicate that the climate trends observed over the last century will continue and intensify over the coming decades.
  2. Scotland and Aberdeenshire’s populations are changing. Scotland’s population was highest ever in 2018 and is projected to rise, with Aberdeenshire’s population growing above the Scottish average.
  3. Legislation for Public Bodies involves reporting annually on climate change mitigation and adaptation progress and reporting publicly on compliance with the biodiversity duty.
  4. The Scottish Government has committed to being a net zero society by 2045 and reducing our emissions by 75% by 2030.
  5. We’re already seeing first-hand the impacts of the climate change crisis and biodiversity crisis on our environment and our communities – we need to prevent these situations worsening.

International drivers and legislation


The Paris Agreement

United Nations Climate Change logo

The Paris agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 countries at COP21 in 2015 and came into force in 2016. The aim is that all countries who joined the agreement, including the United Kingdom must substantially reduce their global greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) and work together to limit the global temperature increase in this century to 2 degrees Celsius, preferably 1.5 degrees, compared to pre-industrial levels.

The Paris Agreement | UNFCCC

Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals which provide a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the plant, now and into the future. They form part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015. The goals include Affordable and clean energy, Sustainable cities & communities, Climate action, Life below water and Life on Land.

THE 17 SDGs

National drivers and legislation


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